Indian space research organization (ISRO) is one of the leading and most successful space organization in the world. ISRO is headquartered in Bengaluru, India. It was established as Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 1962 with the urging of scientist Vikram Sarabhai.
aryabhatta AND ROHINI :
ISRO built its first satellite, Aryabhatta, which was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975.which was a successful one. In 1980, Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian made vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO subsequently developed two other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for launching satellites into polar orbits and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) for pleasing satellites into geostationary orbits. These rockets have launched numerous communications satellites and Earth observation satellites. Satellite navigation systems like GAGAN and IRNSS has been deployed. In January 2014. ISRO used an indigenous cryogenic engine in a GSLV-D5 launch of the GSAT-14.
CHANDRAYAAN 1 :
ISRO sent a lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, on 22 October 2008 and a Mars orbiter, Mars Orbiter Mission, on 5th November 2013, which entered Mars Orbit on 24th September 2014, making India the first country to successfully achieve its maiden attempt to reach Mars, and also making ISRO the fourth agency in the world as well as first space agency in Asia to reach Mars orbit.
PSLV-C34 launched at Satish Dhawan Space Center :
On 18 June 2016, ISRO launched twenty satellites in a single-vehicle and on 15 February 2017.
|20 satellites in one spaceship|
PSLV-C37 launched at Sriharikota :
ISRO launched one hundred and four satellites in a single rocket (PSLV-C37) a world record.
ISRO has launched its heaviest rocket, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III), on 5 June 2017 and paced a communication satellite GSAT-19 in orbit. With the launch, ISRO became capable of launching 4-ton heavy satellites into GTO.
|104 satellites launched by India.|
CHANDRAYAAN 2 :
On 22 July 2019, ISRO launched its second lunar mission Chandrayaan 2, which consists of an orbiter, lander, and rover, to study the distribution of lunar water and lunar geology. ISRO’s lander VIKRAM reached at moon’s orbit on 5 September 2019 and was about to reach the lunar surface when space agency lost its contact with lander VIKRAM, which made the mission 95% successful. According to the latest reports by the chairman of ISRO K.Sivan confirmed that they have found lander VIKRAM on the lunar surface through thermal imaging and they will try to communicate shortly.
These are the most known achievements of ISRO that have been known by the world. the further plans of ISRO are namely Development of UNITED LAUNCH VEHICLE, SMALL SATELLITE VEHICLE, development of REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE, HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT, a SPACE STATION, INTERPLANETARY PROBES, and a SOLAR SPACECRAFT MISSION